Biology (BIOL)

BIOL S101 Introduction to Biological Research Techniques I

3 credits (2+2)
A research-based lab class focusing on the use of techniques and research tools to answer locally relevant ecological, taxonomic or management questions. Consists of lectures, lab and/or field work, reviewing scientific literature, and research writing. Students work alone or in pairs on research questions approved by the instructor to develop and implement a research plan for their project and write a synopsis of their research. Lab and field techniques appropriate to the plan will be taught. Note: Not accepted for Biology major credit or elective.

BIOL S102 Introduction to Biological Research Techniques II

3 credits (2+2)
Students will complete the work outlined in the study plan developed in BIOL S101. Students will learn appropriate basic data analysis tools such as phylogenetic programs and simple statistical methods. Critical thinking skills will be emphasized as students explore and analyze their data. Students will write up their research findings formatted as a scientific manuscript and will prepare a public research presentation. Note: Not accepted for Biology major credit or elective.
Prerequisite: BIOL S101 (C- or better).

BIOL S103 Biology and Society

4 credits (3+3)
GER. Fundamental principles of biology focusing on human biology, ecology and the environment. Laboratory sessions include field trips, experiments, demonstrations, and discussion of contemporary biological topics. For non-majors; cannot be used to fulfill requirement for biology majors.MATH S105 or concurrent enrollment.

BIOL S104 Natural History of Alaska

4 credits (3+3)
GER. The physical environment peculiar to the North and important in determining the biological setting: major ecosystem concepts to develop an appreciation for land use and wildlife management problems in both terrestrial and aquatic situations. May not be used as biology elective credit for a major in Biology. BIOL S104 fulfills a Natural Science General Education Requirement.

BIOL S105 Fundamentals of Biology I

4 credits (3+3)
GER. Introduction to basic principles of cell biology and evolution. Topics include cell structure, metabolism, and genetics.
Prerequisite: MATH S105 or concurrent enrollment.

BIOL S106 Fundamentals of Biology II

4 credits (3+3)
GER. Continuation of basic principles of anatomy and physiology of plants and animals. Evolution, behavior, ecology, and groups of plants and animals.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105; and MATH S151 or concurrent enrollment.

BIOL S111 Human Anatomy and Physiology I

4 credits (3+3)
GER. Introduces human structure and function. The integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems are covered. Recommended for health science students.

BIOL S112 Human Anatomy and Physiology II

4 credits (3+3)
GER. Continuation of BIOL S111. Endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, excretory, and reproductive systems are covered. Recommended for health science students.
Prerequisite: BIOL S111 (C- or better) or permission.

BIOL S175 Current Topics in Marine Research

1 credit (1+0)
A fall symposium of lectures presented as part of the Sitka WhaleFest: A Celebration of Marine Wildlife. Marine scientists will present current research findings on topics focused on marine life around the Pacific Rim, with an emphasis on marine mammals. Students must attend an introductory class, all symposium lectures, and a follow up group discussion with invited researchers; written summaries of the lectures will be required. Students must be registered for the Sitka WhaleFest.May be repeated for credit when content differs.

BIOL S215 Introduction to Marine Biology

3 credits (3+0)
An introduction to the major characteristics of ocean ecosystems and the organisms that inhabit them. Includes physical, chemical, and biological principles that affect marine biodiversity.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105 and BIOL S106.

BIOL S239 Introduction to Plant Biology

4 credits (3+3)
Structure, function, ecology, and evolutionary patterns of the major groups of plants.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105 and BIOL S106.

BIOL S240 Introductory Microbiology

4 credits (3+3)
General introductory microbiology with emphasis on microorganisms as disease causing agents. Fundamentals of microbial biology and diversity including host microbe interactions and epidemiology. Not accepted for Biology major credit. Recommended for health science students. BIOL S112 and CHEM S104 recommended.
Prerequisite: 8 credits in biology or chemistry.

BIOL S271 Ecology

4 credits (3+3)
Overview of the principles of ecology with emphasis on the organism, population, community, ecosystem and biome levels. Aspects of the physical environment are included in the organismal ecology discussions. Laboratory sessions mainly are field exercises in biological sampling and analyses.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105; and either BIOL S106 or ENVS S101; and STAT S273 or concurrent enrollment.

BIOL S300 Vertebrate Zoology

4 credits (4+0)
Evolution, classification, functional anatomy and general biology of vertebrates. Alaskan species will be included. Not a lab course.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105 and BIOL S106.

BIOL S305 Invertebrate Zoology

4 credits (3+3)
Structure, function, classification, evolution and life histories of invertebrate animals. Marine invertebrates are emphasized.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105 and BIOL S106.

BIOL S310 Animal Physiology

4 credits (3+3)
Chemical and physical principles underlying living processes, and the integration of these principles into the physiology of cells and whole organisms. Three hours lab per week required.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105 and S106, CHEM S105 and S106, and MATH S151.

BIOL S311 Technical Writing for Science Majors

3 credits (3+0)
Introduction on how to write in a variety of scientific and technical forms, including reports, journal articles, and grant proposals. Learn to write for different audiences, master the art of editing, prepare work for an ENVS portfolio or other science courses, and become adept at using online bibliographic programs.
Prerequisite: ENGL S211 and upper division standing in a science degree program, or instructor permission.

BIOL S353 Tropical Marine and Coastal Ecology

3 credits (2+2)
Focuses on the ecology of coral reefs, seagrass beds, and mangrove forests; endangered and invasive species; conservation biology; climate change; and marine policy and management. Field activities include observation of flora and fauna by snorkeling in marine habitats, tide pool exploration, coastal hikes, and examination of marine reserves. Travel to tropical sites is a required course component. Recommended: BIOL S215 and BIOL S271.
Prerequisite: BIOL S106.

BIOL S355 Experimental Design and Data Analysis

4 credits (3+3)
Design and analysis of manipulative and observational research projects, with an emphasis on practical aspects of experimental design and collection of samples in field environments. Includes lectures, field and lab exercises exploring the nature of data, common design challenges, application of standard univariate statistics, analysis of variance, regression and analysis of covariance, and analysis of categorical data. Also explored are issues in scientific ethics, research animal welfare, scientific writing, and data presentation.
Prerequisite: STAT S273 and upper division standing.

BIOL S362 Genetics

4 credits (3+2)
Principles of inheritance; physiochemical properties of genetic systems.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105 and BIOL S106; CHEM S106; and MATH S151.

BIOL S373 Conservation Biology

4 credits (3+3)
An exploration of how biological principles are applied to conserve diversity at all levels of biological organization, from genes to biomes.
Prerequisite: BIOL S271.

BIOL S375 Current Topics in Biology:

2 credits (2+0)
Discussion of a book or series of papers on a current topic in biology. Students will lead discussions and be graded on both their presentation and their participation in discussions. May be repeated.
Prerequisite: Completion of 3 science credits.

BIOL S380 Marine Ornithology and Herpetology

3 credits (3+0)
A survey of the basic biology of marine birds and marine reptiles. Topics include taxonomy, phylogeny, evolution, anatomy, physiology, reproduction, foraging strategies, habitat use, navigation, migration, and conservation. Lectures will be supplemented with in-class discussions of required readings and one field trip to observe local bird species. Recommended but not required: BIOL S215 and S271.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105 and S106.

BIOL S382 Wetlands Ecology

4 credits (3+3)
All of the major aspects of wetlands from ice fields, alpine bogs, tarns, lakes, streams, deltas to the marine shores, emphasis is on: 1) identification of wetland categories based on aquatic plants, hydrology and soil types; 2) value, preservation, protection and restoration of wetlands; 3) federal and state regulations 4) management, economics and mitigated use of wetlands. Laboratories will be based on local Alaskan and Northwest regional case studies and accepted regional case studies and accepted wetlands research techniques.
Prerequisite: BIOL S271.

BIOL S384 Marine Mammalogy

3 credits (3+0)
The evolution and classification of marine mammals will be presented as a framework for understanding their adaptations, physiology, anatomy, behavior, ecology, reproduction, and mating systems. Current research techniques and conservation issues will also be reviewed. Students will write and present a paper on a special topic. Two field trips (dates TBA). BIOL S215 recommended.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105 and S106, and BIOL S271.

BIOL S396 Field Studies in Behavior and Ecology

1-6 credits (variable)
Intensive field study in selected topics in animal behavior and ecology with emphasis on field methods. Each student will conduct an individual research project. Field studies may entail a deferred grade. Projects may be associated with on-going research projects or new projects developed by the instructor and student. Number of credits will be determined by the scope of the project. May be repeated for up to 12 credits.Letter grades or Pass/Fail may be arranged by permission of instructor.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105, S106, S271 and signed permission form.

BIOL S398 Individual Research

BIOL S401 Phycology

4 credits (2+4)
Survey of freshwater and marine algae with emphasis on Alaskan species. Topics include: taxonomy, physiology, life histories, and ecology of the algae. Four hours lab per week required. BIOL S271 recommended.
Prerequisites: BIOL S105 and S106.

BIOL S410 Physiology of Marine Animals

3 credits (3+0)
An integration of physiological concepts with ecology and evolution to examine how organisms adapt within a diversity of marine environments including the intertidal, subtidal, and the deep sea. Emphasizes the biochemical adaptations within the processes of respiration, osmoregulation, thermoregulation, and metabolism of marine invertebrates, fishes, and marine mammals.
Prerequisite: BIOL S310.

BIOL S427 Introduction to Ichthyology

4 credits (3+3)
Major groups of fishes, emphasizing the fishes of northwestern North America. Classification, structure, evolution, general biology and importance to man of the major groups.
Prerequisites: BIOL S105 and S106.

BIOL S441 Animal Behavior

4 credits (3+3)
The mechanisms and adaptive nature of individual and social behaviors will be explored in lectures, reading, and laboratory and field exercises. Proximal and ultimate explanations for behavior are studied in terms of genetics, ecology, and modern evolutionary theory. Laboratory and field exercises emphasize hypothesis testing through observations and analysis of behavior. BIOL 362 (Genetics) is highly recommended before taking this course.
Prerequisites: BIOL S105, BIOL S106, or BIOL S271, or instructor permission.

BIOL S480 Aquatic Pollution

3 credits (3+0)
Discusses all major kinds of marine pollution including oil, heavy metals, organic wastes, pulp mill effluent, PCBs, pesticides, ocean dumping, radioactive wastes, thermal pollution, marine litter and noise pollution. Effects on biological systems are emphasized. Some consideration given to legal aspects.
Prerequisite: BIOL S271 and CHEM S106.

BIOL S481 Marine Ecology

4 credits (3+3)
In-depth study of the paradigms regarding the distribution and abundance of marine organisms including analysis and discussion of current primary literature. Major emphasis on how physical-biological interactions structure populations, communities, and ecosystems in the oceans. Students will complete a research project.
Prerequisite: BIOL S215, BIOL S271, and STAT S273.

BIOL S482 Evolution

4 Credits (3+3)
Entails in-depth study of the mechanisms of evolution. The roles of genetic variation, natural selection, and adaptation in speciation and other evolutionary processes will be examined in an historical context. Competing schools of thought from the era of "The Origin of the Species" to recent advances in molecular evolution will be considered.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105 and S106; and BIOL S362 or concurrent enrollment.

BIOL S492 Biology Seminar

1 credit (1+0)
Provides students with first-hand accounts of current research in the biological sciences. Seminar speakers will present research results in a variety of subdisciplines, and students will discuss the significance with presenters and instructor. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisite: BIOL S106.

BIOL S498 Research in Biology

1-6 credits (variable)
Individual research in the biological sciences undertaken by a student in consultation with a member of the Biology program faculty. Students may submit research ideas to faculty and develop them into a project with faculty input.
Prerequisite: BIOL S105, BIOL S106, and BIOL S271, and signed permissin form.